The threats

Madagascar is listed as one of the planet's 25 hotspots, Ie one of the regions of the world whose natural heritage is the richest yet most threatened. These 25 hotspots collectively represent globally 44% of plants and 35% of terrestrial vertebrates for 11.8% of the land surface of the planet and for which 87.8% reduction of natural habitats have been registered.

According to Conservation International, there would be only 10% of the natural vegetation of Madagascar with an annual loss still estimated at 1-2%.

Le plateau de Behetaheta, autrefois recouvert d'une vaste forêt sèche, est aujourd'hui une savane d'où émergent ça et là quelques buttes-témoins. Massif du Makay, Madagascar.

Habitat destruction is the consequence of several mechanisms classically urbanization, development of monocultures and livestock with uncontrolled deforestation techniques by fire. Consequently, 57 bird species, 51 mammals and 61 amphibians - all endemic - are categorized as threatened extinction and 45 are stored in the global Red List of Threatened Species IUCN.

Facing this reality, while ~3% of Madagascar's land is officially protected in the legislative framework of national parks and natural reserves, the government of the island set the target to triple the protected area within a decade [Durban, WCP 2003]


A quelques centaines de mètres de l'Aire Protégée de l'Allée des Baobabs, des forêts entières de baobabs partent en fumée pour être remplacées par des champs de maïs. Région de Morondava, Madagascar